My child coughs often because of the weather changes.

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My child coughs often because of the weather changes.

In young children, coughing, sore throat and phlegm are common because the weather changes frequently. Cold air stimulates the bronchi to contract. Dry air causes sticky phlegm to be expelled.

Difficulty Air pollution, dust, smoke, respiratory tract infections

Main cause

  1. Viral infection: This is the most common cause. Usually dry cough, coughing, or chronic cough. Fever and runny nose may also occur.
  2. Bacterial infection: Often coughing up yellow or green sputum, chronic coughing, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath.
  3. Allergy: Chronic cough, coughing more at night, coughing when the weather changes, runny nose, stuffy nose
  4. Asthma: often chronic cough, coughing more at night, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, wheezing when breathing
  5. Acid reflux: Rarely, but sometimes coughing in children may be caused by acid reflux, as acid reflux occurs in the trachea. If eating habits are not changed, this condition may occur frequently, causing the child to cough.
  6. Whooping cough: A disease caused by an infection in the respiratory tract, resulting in inflammation and irritation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, resulting in coughing, sneezing, and a runny nose. Whooping cough is considered contagious, but can be treated with a vaccine.


Chronic cough, dry cough, cough with phlegm, difficulty breathing, wheezing, nasal congestion, runny nose, may have fever, loss of appetite, insomnia

how to take care of and stop coughing

  1. Keep warm: Dress your child adequately, avoid sleeping in a fan or in a cold air-conditioned room, adjust the temperature of the air-conditioned room to be warm (25-27°C), and sleep with a high pillow to help with breathing.
  2. Increase humidity in the air: Use a humidifier to increase humidity in the air, prevent dry throat. Place a humidifier in the room, take a warm bath.
  3. Drink plenty of fluids: Give your child plenty of warm water to drink. Water helps loosen mucus, making it easier to expel. Avoid cold water, sweetened drinks, and carbonated drinks.
  4. Nasal irrigation: Rinse your nose with saline to help the mucus flow easily and clear phlegm. Use a nasal irrigation syringe to suck out the mucus, which helps you breathe more easily.
  5. Medicine: expectorant such as cough medicine, expectorant, expectorant
  6. See a doctor: If symptoms are severe or accompanied by other symptoms such as chronic cough, severe coughing, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, runny nose, high fever, lethargy, not eating, or wheezing, see a doctor immediately to find the cause and receive proper treatment.

Use of cough medicine for children

Cough medicine: Cough suppressants come in many different types, each with different effects depending on the cause of your cough. Types of cough suppressants:

Dry cough medicine: Helps reduce coughing. Examples are Dextromethorphan, Codeine.

Mucolytic drugs: (Mucolytic) are drugs used to relieve coughs caused by thick sputum. They help to make the sputum less thick and easier to expel. Examples are Acetylcysteine, Ambroxol, Bromhexine, Carbocysteine.

Expectorants: (Expectorants) are drugs that increase the amount of water in the airways, making mucus more liquefied and easier to expel. They are suitable for people who have a cough with thick mucus. Examples are Guaifenesin, Potassium guaiacolsulfonate, Terpin hydrate.

Bronchodilators: These help to make breathing easier and are often used in children who have difficulty breathing or shortness of breath. Examples include Salbutamol, Terbutaline.

Prevention of coughing

Prevention of infectious cough includes frequent hand washing, avoiding close contact with sick people, wearing a mask, and cleaning your house regularly.

cough relief, prevention of allergic cough, if you know what is at risk of causing an allergic reaction to yourself, avoid that allergen.

Symptoms that should prompt you to see a doctor

Cough does not improve within 3-5 days, cough becomes more severe, accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, difficulty breathing, wheezing,
the child is lethargic, does not eat, children under 3 months of age have a cough.

Caring for and treating your child who has frequent coughing and phlegm can be done with simple methods at home. Start by giving them enough rest, drinking enough water, and keeping them warm and adequately clothed. Closely monitor their symptoms for appropriate treatment. However, if the symptoms do not improve or if there are other symptoms, you should see a doctor for appropriate treatment immediately.